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Vol. 223. Issue 5.
Pages 316-319 (May 2023)
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Vol. 223. Issue 5.
Pages 316-319 (May 2023)
Brief Original
Burnout syndrome increase during COVID-19 pandemic in attending Internal Medicine physicians
Aumento del síndrome de burnout en los adjuntos de Medicina Interna durante la pandemia de COVID-19
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C. Macía-Rodrígueza,
Corresponding author
, J. Andreu-Ansolab, A. Alejandre de Oñac, D. Martín-Iglesiasd, A. Montaño-Martíneze, J. Moreno-Díazf
a Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Ribera Juan Cardona, Ferrol, A Coruña, Spain
b Faculty of Medicine, Riga Stradins Univesity, Riga, Latvia
c Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital de Manises, Manises, Valencia, Spain
d Unidad de Enfermedades Autoinmunes, Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Cruces, Barakaldo, Vizcaya, Spain
e Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Alto Guadalquivir, Andújar, Jaén, Spain
f Dirección Médica, Hospital Royo Villanueva, Zaragoza, Spain
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Table 1. Comparative analysis of the results of the surveys conducted in 2019 and 2020.
Abstract
Introduction

Burnout is a psychosocial syndrome caused by stressful situations in the workplace. It affects 30%–60% of medical professionals. The aim of this study is to carry out a comparative analysis of its frequency before and after the COVID-19 outbreak in Spanish internal medicine attending physicians.

Methods

Surveys that included the Maslach Burnout Inventory were sent via email and associated social networks to physicians who were members of the Spanish Society of Internal Medicine in 2019 and 2020.

Results

A non-significant increase in burnout was observed (38.0% vs. 34.4%). However, an increase in low personal fulfilment was observed (66.4% vs. 33.6%; p = 0.002), a dimension associated with the prevention of psychiatric morbidity, in addition to two others: emotional fatigue and depersonalization, which can negatively affect patient care.

Conclusions

It is essential to address this syndrome individually and institutionally.

Keywords:
Burnout
Internal medicine
Pandemic
Maslach Burnout Inventory
Healthcare professionals
Resumen
Introducción

El burnout es un síndrome psicosocial causado por situaciones estresantes en el ámbito laboral. Afecta al 30-60% de los profesionales médicos. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar un análisis comparativo de su frecuencia antes y después del brote de la COVID-19 en los médicos adjuntos de Medicina Interna españoles.

Métodos

Se enviaron encuestas por correo electrónico y redes sociales integradas con el Maslach Burnout Inventory a los miembros de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna en 2019 y 2020.

Resultados

Se ha observado un aumento no significativo de burnout (38,0% vs. 34,4%). Sin embargo, sí se constata un aumento en la baja realización personal (66,4% vs. 33,6%; p = 0,002), dimensión asociada a la prevención de la morbilidad psiquiátrica, además de otras dos: la fatiga emocional y la despersonalización, que pueden afectar negativamente a la atención del paciente.

Conclusiones

Es esencial abordar este síndrome individual e institucionalmente.

Palabras clave:
Burnout
Medicina Interna
Pandemia
Maslach Burnout Inventory
Personal sanitario

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