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Vol. 213. Issue 5.
Pages 235-239 (June - July 2013)
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Vol. 213. Issue 5.
Pages 235-239 (June - July 2013)
Brief original
DOI: 10.1016/j.rceng.2013.04.002
Features and costs of patients admitted for cardiac arrhythmias in Spain
Características y costes de los pacientes ingresados por arritmias cardiacas en España
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J. Montes-Santiagoa,??
Corresponding author
julio.montes.santiago@sergas.es

Corresponding author.
, V. Rodila, F. Formigab, J.M. Cepedac, A. Urrutiad, on behalf of the Working Group on Heart Failure and Atrial Fibrillation of the Spanish Society of Internal Medicine (SEMI)
a Servicio de Medicina Interna, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain
b Servicio de Medicina Interna, UFISS Geriatría, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L‘Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
c Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Vega Baja, Orihuela, Alicante, Spain
d Servicio de Medicina Interna, Unidad de Geriatría de Agudos, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain
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Table 1. Characteristics of patients admitted to hospitals of the National Health System of spain for episodes of cardiac arrhythmias.
Abstract
Aim

Cardiac rhythm alterations are a frequent cause of hospital admission. However, we do not know their characteristics and economic costs. We have analyzed the epidemiology and cost of hospitalizations due to cardiac arrhythmias in the National Health System.

Methods

The characteristics and costs were reviewed in patients admitted with a principal diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmia (1997–2010; diagnosis related groups [DRG] −138 and 139 of the National Health System minimum data base set). Atrial fibrillation/flutter accounted for 65% of these DRGs. The secondary diagnoses prevalent in such DRGs were also reviewed.

Results

Hospitalizations due to cardiac arrhythmias were approximately 26,000 per year and close to 1.6% for mortality. In 2010 there were 26,421 hospitalizations with an estimated cost of 65 million Euros. Frequent comorbidities were recorded, such as hypertension (43%), heart failure (12%) or diabetes mellitus (20%). A total of 43% were admitted to cardiology and 36% to internal medicine.

Conclusions

During the period 1997–2010, there was a significant annual number of hospitalizations for cardiac arrhythmias (mainly atrial fibrillation), with measurable costs, in Spain. More than one-third were attended by internists.

Keywords:
Cardiac arrhythmias
Mortality
Hospitalizations in Spain
Resumen
Objetivo

Las alteraciones del ritmo cardiaco son una causa frecuente de ingreso hospitalario pero desconocemos sus características y costes económicos. Hemos analizado la epidemiología y costes de las hospitalizaciones por arritmias cardiacas en el Sistema Nacional de Salud.

Métodos

Se revisan las características y costes en pacientes ingresados con un diagnóstico principal de arritmia cardiaca (periodo 1997–2010; grupos relacionados por el diagnóstico [GRD] 138 y 139 del conjunto mínimo básico de datos del Sistema Nacional de Salud). El 65% de diagnósticos en tales GRD corresponden a fibrilación auricular/aleteo. Se revisan también los diagnósticos secundarios frecuentes en tales GRD.

Resultados

Las hospitalizaciones permanecieron cercanas a 26.000/año y la mortalidad al 1,6%. En 2010 hubo 26.416 hospitalizaciones con unos costes estimados de 65 millones €. Se registran frecuentemente comorbilidades como hipertensión arterial (46%), insuficiencia cardiaca (12%) o diabetes mellitus (20%). Ingresaron en cardiología el 43% y en medicina interna el 36%.

Conclusiones

Durante el periodo 1997–2010 se produjeron en España un importante número de hospitalizaciones por arritmias (principalmente fibrilación auricular), con apreciables costes. Más de un tercio son atendidas por internistas.

Palabras clave:
Arritmias cardiacas
Mortalidad
Hospitalizaciones en España

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